Scale for measurement of pain in people with dementia who cannot verbalize. Source: Dementia Care Australia Pty Ltd. Website: www.dementiacareaustralia.com. Abbey, J; De Bellis, A; Piller, N; Esterman, A; Giles, L; Parker, D and Lowcay, B. Funded by the JH & JD Gunn Medical Research Foundation 1998 – 2002.
Taken from the RNAO BPG Assessment and Management of Pain with Supplement, page 108.
Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate (PACSLAC). Copyright © Shannon Fuchs-Lacelle and Thomas Hadjistavropoulos. The PACSLAC may not be reproduced without permission. For permission to reproduce the PACSLAC, please contact the copyright holders (Thomas.Hadjistavropoulos@uregina.ca).
Available: http://www.healthcare.uiowa.edu/igec/tools/pain/nonverbalPain.pdf. Sources:
• Feldt KS. The checklist of nonverbal pain indicators (CNPI). Pain Manag Nurs. 2000 Mar;1(1):13-21.
• Horgas AL. Assessing pain in persons with dementia. In: Boltz M, series ed. Try This: Best Practices in Nursing Care for Hospitalized Older Adults with Dementia. 2003 Fall;1(2). The Hartford Institute for Geriatric Nursing. www.hartfordign.org.
The provincial RAI-MDS© and P.I.E.C.E.S.™ Integration Working Group have developed a Job Aid that allows for the streamlining of the RAI assessment and the P.I.E.C.E.S. 3-Question Assessment and Care Planning Framework.